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Cancer Screening
Cancer occurs when cells become abnormal and begin dividing and forming more cells without any control or order. Signs of this malignancy include a loss in the cell's distinctive shape and boundaries.

A cancerous cell develops when it ceases to respond to growth-inhibiting signals and gains the ability to multiply uncontrollably. If the cells divide when new ones are not needed, they form a mass of excess tissue called a tumor.  This tumor, in turn, can damage healthy tissue in its area and can spread to other parts of body by invading blood vessels and lymphatics as shown in the picture below.
Some of the following are symptoms that can be associated with cancer. The acronym, C.A.U.T.I.O.N ., can remind us of the most common warning signs of cancer.
» · C - Change in bowel or bladder habits.
» · A - A sore that does not heal.
» · U - Unusual bleeding or discharge.
» · T - Thickening or lump in the breast or any part of the body.
» · I - Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.
» · O - Obvious change in a wart or mole.
» · N - Nagging cough or hoarseness.

Breast screening is a method of detecting breast cancer at a very early stage. The first step involves an x-ray of each breast - a mammogram - which is taken while carefully compressing the breast. Most women find it a bit uncomfortable and a few find it painful. The mammogram can detect small changes in breast tissue which may indicate cancers which are too small to be felt either by the woman herself or by a doctor.

Cervical Screening

Cervical Screening is a simple method to detect precancerous stage or early cancer stage so that treatment in this stage can either prevent cancer or cure the disease. Pap smear is the commonly used test for clinical screening. Newer methods are also coming up. Cervical screenings are collected using spatula after insertion of speculum into vagina, they are placed on a glass slide, stained, and examined under microscope to find any cells with changes of precancer or cancer. Suspicious cases are further investigated to confirm. This method can detect any such changes very early. Women have to be tested frequently once in 3-5 years to detect any early changes. This is a simple, painless, out patient procedure. Though it may embarrassing to undergo testing in the absent of symptoms, it is not an uncomfortable test. All married women above 30 years of age should undergo these tests.
Screening at MNJ

Our preventive oncology wing is actively involved in detecting cancer before its onset and in its early stages when it is most amenable to treatment. We conduct regular cancer screening clinics and CME programmes .Our screening programmes provide the necessary information regarding various cancers and help in prevention and early diagnosis of cancer. We are equipped with a colposcope, cytoscan,etc
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